Reference Materials: Hugh Thirlway, “The Sources of International Law”in Evans (ed.), International Law (3rd ed., 2010), pp. 95-108
Nico Krisch on public goods in The Decay of Consent in International Law, pp.3-6
Lawrence Solum, Legal Theory Lexicon: Efficiency, Pareto, and Kaldor-Hicks
A. The Continental Shelf
2. The North Sea Continental Shelf Cases (ICJ 1969)
a. North Sea Cases: Sketch Map
3. The Law of the Sea Convention (1982)
4. Colombia v. Nicaragua
b. Nicaragua 2013 application to the ICJ (excerpt)
1. Reference Material: Malcolm Evans, “The Law of the Sea” in Evans (ed.), International Law (3rd ed., 2010), pp. 657-65.
2. United Kingdom v. Norway (ICJ 1951)
C. Exclusive Economic Zone
1. J. Charney, The Persistent Objector Rule and the Development of Customary International Law, 56 BYIL 1 (1985) (extracts)
4. Disputes over Activities in EEZ
a. Robert Beckman, “Geopolitics, International Law and the South China Sea” (extracts from overview of April, 2012) (map showing conflicting EEZ claims; line for China reflects approximately the “nine-dashed line” referred to by Beckman)
d. Note also press coverage of China-Japan dispute over Diaoyu/Senkaku islands (map showing conflicting claims) andof Chinese island construction on reefs
5. Enforcement of Laws of the Coastal State and Prompt Release of Vessels and Crew
d. Artic Sunrise (Netherlands v Russia, ITLOS 2015) excerpts
D. Additional Issues
1. Innocent Passage for Warships: The Black Sea Affairs
b. W.E. Butler, Innocent Passage and the 1982 Convention, 81 AJIL 331 (1987) (on the Black Sea affair 1986)
2. WMD, the Proliferation Security Initiative, and Anti-Piracy
b. US-Liberia Shipboarding Agreement pursuant to the PSI(2004; one of a number of such agreements now in place between the US and other states)
e. Killing of Indian fishermen wrongly suspected of being pirates (Associated Press, Feb. 2012)
The High Seas:Malcolm Evans, “The Law of the Sea” in Evans (ed.),International Law (3rd ed., 2010), pp. 665-71.
Ship Owners Find Panamanian Flag Useful, BBC News, Aug 4, 2014
A. The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf
1. Reference Materials: Malcolm Evans, “The Law of the Sea” in Evans (ed.), International Law (3rd ed., 2010), pp. 671-7.
4. The Arctic
b. Maritime Jurisdiction and Boundaries in the Arctic Region, Durham IBRU; Map of Arctic Claims and Boundaries, Durham IBRU, April 2013.
c. David Caron, Climate Change and Arctic Governance: Three Images of a Changing Arctic, in Vidas & Schei (eds.),The World Ocean in Globalisation (2011).
d. Mel Weber, Defining the Outer Limits of the Continental Shelf across the Arctic Basin: The Russian Submission, States’ Rights, Boundary Delimitation and Artic Regional Cooperation, 24 Int’l J. Marine and Coastal L. 653-691 (2009) [extracts].
*** Additional Materials *** [items 5-7]
5. Anna Cavnar, Accountability and the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf: Deciding Who Owns the Ocean Floor, 42 Cornell Int’l L. J. 387 (2009)
6. The Russian Submission:
d. Update on Revised Submission, Barents Observer, Dec. 2011
7. Developing Country Submissions
a. Submission Flowchart (note the demanding nature of the procedure)
b. Trust Fund: Annex II, General Assembly Resolution 55/7 Oceans and the Law of the Sea (slightly amended by General Assembly Resolution 58/240 (2004)) (no country has yet successfully obtained funds from the CLCS Trust Fund)
B. Resources Beyond National Jurisdiction
1. Reference Materials: Malcolm Evans, “The Law of the Sea” in Evans (ed.), International Law (3rd ed., 2010), pp. 680-83.
2. Marine Biodiversity
b. Summary of Legal and Policy Framework on Marine Biological Diversity (2011), UN Office of Legal Affairs, Division for Ocean Affairs and Law of the Sea
c. Recommendations adopted at the Fourth Meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Informal Working Group to Study Issues relating to the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Biological Diversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (2011)
e. Bottom Trawling:
3. Genetic Resources
b. Legal Sources:
i. Convention on Biological Diversity, Arts 4, 5 (note also Nagoya Protocol, not yet in force): the CBD only applies to biodiversity within national jurisdiction; it explicitly leaves areas BNJ to UNCLOS.
c. EU Working Paper, Reflections on the Management of Genetic Resources in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, 7-10 (see also Earth Negotiations Bulletin summary of discussions at the Fourth Meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group (2011))
4. Insights for a Climate Change Regime?
a. Lavanya Rajamani, The Cancun Climate Agreements: Reading the Text, Subtext and Tea Leaves, 60 ICLQ 499 (2011), and recent updates pre-Durban and post-Durban
b. Lavanya Rajamani, The Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism as applied in India, extracts from: “The Indian Way: Exploring the Synergies between Development, Climate and Energy Goals,” in Zillman et al (eds), Beyond the Carbon Economy, ch 18 (OUP, 2008)