13(2) International Journal of Constitutional Law 2015

Three Models of “Distributed Administration”: Canopy, Baobab, and Symbiote


Benedict Kingsbury

The present paper proposes three basic organic models for the generation of distributed administration systems in global governance. These are here termed the canopy, baobab, and symbiote models. These models are analytically distinct, but in many sectors and institutions elements of two models or all three models may be found in one system as it evolves.