13(2) International Journal of Constitutional Law (2015)

Three Models of “Distributed Administration”: Canopy, Baobab, and Symbiote

Benedict Kingsbury

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This paper proposes three basic organic models for the generation of distributed administration systems in global governance: here termed the canopy, baobab, and symbiote models. These models are analytically distinct, but in many sectors and institutions elements of two models or all three models may be found in one system as it evolves.